AJAN FAKIR DARGAH
HISTORY, ARCHITECTURE & BRIEFING
About 22kms away from the Sivasagar region is the Saraguri Chapori where the Ajan Pir Dargah is located. This sacred mausoleum had been built in the memory of a well known Muslim reformer and saint named Ajan Fakir. Ajan Fakir, born Shah Miran, also known as Azan Pir, Hazrat Shah Miran, and Shah Milan (presumably from Miran), was a Sufi Syed, poet, Muslim preacher and saint. He studied the Holy Quran, The Hadith and Islamic philosophy in Bagdad. Hazarat Azan Saheb and some of his companions most probably in the early years of the 17th century came to India. Popular belief is that he and his companions came to India on foot and entered the country through the khaybar. He stayed at the Dargah of Hazrat khwaja Moinuddin Chisty at Ajmer. Then he came to Dargah of Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya in Delhi. Then in the later 17th century he came to settle in the Sivasagar area of Assam in the north-eastern part of India. He played a vital role in unifying the people of the Brahmaputra Valley and stabilized the Islam religion in the state of Assam. He is considered as a legendary sufi saint who composed many spiritual songs related to Allah in Assamese language.The nickname Azan came from his habit of calling Azan.
Ajan Fakir was a disciple of Khwaja Nizamuddin Auliya in Baghdad. He came to Assam accompanied by his brother Shah Navi. He married an ahom woman of high social stature and settled at Gorgaon, near modern Sivasagar town. As a Pir he composed “Zikirs” "(a completely unique genre of religious songs) in Assamese Language. Originally he spoke Arabic, but he completely mastered the language of the land he adopted, permitting comparison of his songs to tjhose of his Vaishnava contemporaries. He was a legendary Sufi Saint who led Muslim Reform Movement in Assam.
It is believed that he built a masjid at Sonpura, near the Ahom capital Gargaon and chanted 'Azan', the calling for 'Namaz' for which people called him Azan Pir. No historical evidence regarding his entrance in Assam is available; but popular belief is that he came to Hajo through Cooch Behar.
Thousands of devotees from all over the country visit this Dargah to pay their homage to this great reformer who had done a lot for the people of Assam. This Dargah appeals to the people of all religion and the spiritual ambience of the place delivers harmony to mind and soul. The pure white structure of the Dargah is very eye soothing and the excellent architectural designs used in building the holy site is absolutely commendable.
THE UNIQUE ZIKIRS COMPOSED BY HAZARAT AAZAN PIR SAHEB
Tradition goes on that Hazarat Aazan Saheb started composing Zikirs at Sonpura, Gargaon and he did with a blessing from the king. “The Gargaon town is in the Ahom Kingdom, Zikir is translated into Assamese, I wish eternal life of the king and welfare of the subjects, till stones float and boats go under”. Zikir is an Arabic word, its root is ‘Zikir’ which means chanting of Allah’s name repeatedly. The word Zikir appears more than 31 times in the Holy Quran and they have different meanings in different contexts. Hazrat Aazan Saheb also says that he had composed the Zikirs taking the essence of the Holy Quran, and Zikirs would survive till the end of the earth. Some others names such as Chandkha, Sheikh Farid, Munia Dewan, Bandar Fakir, Maznudil Fakir, Syed Martuza, Ghulam Hussain are found as writers of Zikir. It is believed that Hazrath Aazan Pir Saheb composed 160 (Aath kuri meaning 8X20 = 160) Zikirs, but only 90 are found.
Mazar e Shareef of Hazrath Aazan Pir Saheb at heath of Saraguri: A Zikir says that the heath of Saraguri is close to the bank of the river Dikhow and Gariajan, the king founded hermitage there. The Dargah of the great saint was discovered in about 1930. Since then, his Zikirs have been a subject of analysis and discussion among the intellectuals. The greatness of the great saint has spread far and wide since 1947. People of different walks of life and from different parts of India came to the Dargah sheriff annually.
In course of time his influence spread, he acquired a good number of followers and earned the enmity of a muslim official, Rupai Dadhora, who by conspiracy convinced the Ahom king that Ajan Fakir was going against Islamic tenants and had orders passed for plucking out the eyes of Pir’s. The Pir, according to some songs, had two earthen pots brought into which he let his two eyes drops.
Hazrat Aazan Pir Saheb was an untiring champion of humanity. He refused to discriminate among people on the basis of religion. He declared that he had no feeling of discrimination in his mind as a Hindu or a Muslim is the creation of the same Allah.
HOW TO SEARCH
By Air: Nearest Airport is Mohanbari airport, Dibrugarh. You can reach Sivasagar by private car or bus.
By Rail: Nearest station is Sivasagar town station.
By Road: One can hire cab from Sivasagar town to Aazan Pir Dargah.
WHERE TO STAY
Sivasagar has a large number of hotels inside the city as this city contains large number of historical monuments and temples and shrines. A.T.Road is the main road that connects almost all the hotels or guest houses. Therefore some of the names of the hotels are:
Address: Boarding Rd, Sivasagar, Assam 785640
Contact No: 094350 57167
Address: Boarding Rd, Sivasagar, Assam 785640
Contact No: 03772 223 126